Bauhaus was a school of fine art and design and was founded by Walter Gropius in Germany 1919. It was unique in the fact that it wanted to bridge the gap between art and industry. In the field of Graphic Design, the people associated with its development were: Moholy-Nagy, Herbert Bayer and Joseph Albers. Most of the work that these designers made was typography related as many of the designs were meant for mass production. Herbert Bayer was trained in Art Nouveau but was interested in Gropious, Bauhaus. In 1925 Gropious told Herbert Bayer to create a type face for the whole of Bauhaus letters and documents. He created a modern ideal type which was easy to read and strong. It was a simple san-serif type, which he called universal. He felt that serif type faces were pointless and also felt there was no need for upper case. This style was latter developed by Jan Tschichold. He never attended Bauhaus or worked there, but he visited many times and was influenced by the Bauhaus style of Type. Because Jan Tschichold was inspired by the designs in Bauhaus he went on to create his own work from that. His work then inspired many Graphic designers today, such as Neville Brody, Paul Rand and many more. It just continues on and on because of this one man and his work, many people are inspired by Paul Rand. The movements associated with Bauhaus was, De Stijl, Modernism, Expressionism and much more. It’s main aim was to create objects and buildings that was appropriate for mass production. It used simplistic forms so it could be easily used again and again. This is why they liked the work of Herbert Bayer and his typography. They tried to create an international style which could be used regardless of culture or tradition. It was closed down in 1933 with the rise of the Nazi party.
Designhistory.org (n.d) ‘ The Bauhaus’. Available Online: http://www.designhistory.org/Bauhaus3.html [19/10/11]
Designishistory.com (n.d) ‘ The Bauhaus’ Available Online: http://www.designishistory.com/1920/the-bauhaus/ [20/10/11]